Last updated: 07 December 2022
All applicants for British Citizenship must provide two referees to establish their identity. Knowing what you will need from your referee before you make your application is essential. This post discusses important questions and issues regarding British Citizenship application referees.
Who can be a referee on a British Citizenship application?
You will need two referees to endorse your UK Naturalisation application. One referee must be a person of any nationality with professional standing. The second referee must generally be a holder of a British Citizen passport, a professional person, or over 25 years of age.
In both cases, the referees must have known the applicant for three years or more.
As at least one referee is required to be of professional standing, according to the guidance, the list of acceptable referees for UK naturalization is as follows:
- airline pilot
- articled clerk of a limited company
- assurance agent of a recognized company
- bank or building society official
- British Computer Society (BCS) – professional grades which are Associate (AMBCS), Member (MBCS), Fellow (FBCS) (PN 25/2003)
- chairman or director of a limited company
- Christian Science practitioner
- commissioner for oaths
- councillor: local or county
- civil servant (permanent)
- designated premises supervisors
- director or Manager of a VAT-registered charity
- director, manager or personnel officer of a VAT-registered company
- driving instructor (approved)
- engineer (with professional qualifications)
- fire service official
- funeral director
- insurance agent (full-time) of a recognised company
- justice of the Peace
- legal secretary (members and fellows of the Institute of legal secretaries)
- local government officer
- manager or Personnel officer (of a limited company)
- member of Parliament
- member of Her Majesty’s Armed Forces
- Merchant Navy officer
- minister of a recognised religion
- nurse (RN, SEN or holder of a BA in nursing)
- officer of the armed services (active or retired)
- paralegal (certified or qualified paralegals and associate members of the Institute of Paralegals)
- a person with honours (such as OBE, MBE and so on)
- personal licensee holders
- photographer (professional)
- police officer
- Post Office official
- president or secretary of a recognised organisation
- Salvation Army officer
- social worker
- teacher, lecturer
- trade union officer
- travel agency (qualified)
- valuers and auctioneers (fellow and associate members of the incorporated society)
- warrant officers and chief petty officers.
Referees that do not meet the requirements
The referee must not:
- be related to the applicant or the other referee
- be the applicant’s representative
- be employed by the Home Office
- have been convicted of an imprisonable offence in the last ten years for which the sentence is not spent under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974
- If it is clear from the information provided that a referee does not meet the requirements, the Home Office caseworker must ask the applicant to provide a different referee.
Referees for children applying for British Citizenship
For applicants under 18 who are applying for British Citizenship by Registration, at least one of the referees must be a person who has dealt with the child in a professional role, such as a teacher, doctor, health visitor or social worker. Where you cannot provide a referee who has dealt with the child professionally, you will need to prove that you have attempted to find a professional referee. Further, two referees who meet the criteria for referees on adult applications may be accepted.
What if the applicant is not residing in the UK?
Where the applicant is living outside of the UK and does not know a British citizen passport holder who is a professional or over the age of 25, a commonwealth citizen or a citizen of the country in which they are residing may complete and sign the referee declaration form providing they meet the other requirements.
Can a retired person be a referee for a British Citizenship application?
Only one of the two referees needs to be a professional. The second referee can be any British citizen over 25 years of age so a retiree would be suitable. The first referee needs to be a person of professional standing, so someone who is retired would not count as they’re no longer held to the standards of that profession’s authorising body. Based on the list above, only a retired officer of the armed services may be an acceptable professional referee.
What must referees do?
Referees must provide information about themselves and sign a declaration supporting the application.
What information does a referee need to provide for a British Citizenship application?
The information a referee must provide is as follows:
- Full name
- Address(es) for the last three years
- Date of birth
- Phone number
- Email address
- British passport number (if British)
- How do they know you?
The referee should give these details to the applicant, who then uses the information to complete the relevant section of the online form.
What does the referee declaration form look like?
The referee should write the name of the applicant in bold letters on the first page and then their full name, signature and date on the second page of the referee declaration form. The referee declaration form (shown below) can be downloaded at the end of the online application
When should the referee sign the declaration?
As can be seen above, the referee must declare, amongst other things:
- That the photograph … is a true likeness of the applicant
- That, to the best of my knowledge, the details of the applicant given in [the] application are correct.
- That my details as a referee given in [the] application are correct
As per the declaration, the referee must check the application before signing. Therefore, the whole process should go as follows:
- Firstly identify a referee and ensure they are happy to participate
- Applicant completes online application but does not submit
- Download the PDF of the incomplete application
- Download and print-out referee declaration form
- Affix the picture of the applicant on the referee form
- Send the form (with your photo attached) in hard copy to the referee, along with a copy of the incomplete application
- Considering both the application form and the picture on the declaration, the referee signs and dates the declaration.
Where should referees send the declaration?
As the form will be uploaded via the online application portal, the original is not needed by the applicant. Therefore once the declaration has been completed, it can be sent either in hard copy or via scanned email back to the applicant.
- Residence Requirements for British Citizenship
- Citizenship Application Mistakes to Avoid
- Application Checking Service
How can we help
British Nationality law can get complex; for advice or assistance from an experienced immigration professional, please get in touch with our team at 0208 757 5751 or use our contact form.
Frequently asked questions
Yes, if they are a manager of a limited company.
No, the referee is not required to provide their photo.
A referee must write the applicant’s name and date of birth on the back of the photo because in postal applications, the applicant can be easily identified if the photo gets detached from the form.
Both referees must have known the applicant for at least three years. Therefore, we recommend searching through your personal and professional network. An excellent example of two referees would be a long-term friend and a dentist.